Dogs are the perfect pets—cuddly, playful, and always ready for a game of fetch. But what you may not know is that they also come with a few health concerns. One of these concerns is bladder stones. Bladder stones form when urine accumulates in the urinary tract over time, leading to the formation of small rocks or crystals. This can cause significant pain and even block the flow of urine. If left untreated, bladder stones can eventually lead to UTI (urinary tract infection) in dogs. In this blog post, we will discuss how to recognize bladder stones in dogs and how to treat them appropriately. We will also give you some tips on preventing them from occurring in the first place. Read Here
What are bladder stones?
Bladder stones are small, hard objects that form in the bladder when urine is not being eliminated completely. Stones can cause pain when they get stuck and block the flow of urine. They can also lead to problems such as urinary incontinence (a loss of control over urination), kidney failure, and even death in dogs.
To recognize bladder stones in your dog, take a look at their urine. If you see large numbers of small stones or if there are any blood marks on the surface of the urine, your dog may have bladder stones. To test for bladder stones, pour a little bit of your dog’s urine onto a glass or plastic dish and allow the urine to stand for a few minutes. If you see any large chunks or clumps of minerals in the urine, your dog may have bladder stones.
If you think your dog may have bladder stones, take them to the veterinarian for evaluation. The doctor will likely perform a physical exam and may recommend surgery if necessary to remove the stones.
Types of bladder stones in dogs
There are different types of bladder stones in dogs, and each one can require a different treatment. Here’s a look at the different types of stones and their symptoms:
1. Cystine Stones: These are the most common type of bladder stone in dogs, and they form when too much cystine (a component of protein) accumulates in the urine. Symptoms include frequent urination, blood in the urine, and difficulty getting up from a sitting or lying position. Treatment typically involves surgically removing the cystine stones.
2. Calcium Stones: These stones form when there’s too much calcium in the urine. They may be small or large, irregularly shaped, or even round. Signs may include increased thirst, vomiting, diarrhea, weight loss, changes in appetite or activity level, and blood in the urine. Treatment usually involves removing the calcium stones with a surgery called uroscopy.
3. Struvite Stones: These are made up of struvite (a mineral), phosphorus (a mineral), and potassium (a mineral). They tend to form when there’s an increase in urinary tract infection (UTI), as well as during times of kidney disease or dehydration. Symptoms may include increased thirst and urination, change in color of urine sediment (the mixture that makes up urine after it has been eliminated from the body), clay-colored feces (due to accumulation of magnesium and other minerals within the feces), weight loss due to an
How to recognize bladder stones in dogs
The most common type of bladder stone in dogs is called a calcium oxalate. Calcium oxalate stones form when urine contains high levels of calcium and oxalic acid. These two ingredients combine to form crystals that can get stuck in the bladder or urethra. A dog with a stone may have frequent urination, blood in the urine, and pain when passing urine.
To diagnose bladder stones in your dog, your veterinarian will perform an ultrasound or CT scan to look for evidence of the stones. If the stones are small enough, your vet may be able to remove them using an ultrasound-guided catheterization…
How to treat bladder stones in dogs
There are a few steps that you can take to treat bladder stones in dogs. The first step is to determine if the dog has them at all. This can be done by examining the urine for any unusual colors or crystals, and x-raying the abdomen to look for any abnormalities. If the dog does have bladder stones, then the next step is to treat them surgically. There are a few different types of surgeries that can be used, and each one has its own benefits and drawbacks.
If surgery isn’t an option, then the next step is to try to remove the stones surgically through a catheterization procedure. This involves filling up the bladder with water and then using a long catheter toinsert it into the bladder and remove the stones one by one. This can be a difficult process, and it’s often followed by several weeks of antibiotics in order to prevent infection.
If none of these treatments are working, then there may be no other choice but to euthanize the dog due to their poor health as a result of having bladder stones.
If you’re a dog owner, then you know that bladder stones are an all too common problem. Bladder stones can occur in any breed of dog, but they are more common in larger dogs. Symptoms of bladder stones include straining to urinate, frequent trips to the bathroom, increased thirst and weight loss. If left untreated, bladder stones can cause major health problems such as renal failure and even death. Thankfully, there is treatment available for bladder stones that can help your pet feel better again very quickly.